Ο μεγαλύτερος μετά τον Peter Paul Rubens Φλαμανδός ζωγράφος του 17ου αιώνα, ο Anthony Van Dyck, γεννήθηκε στις 22 Μαρτίου 1599 στην Antwerp, και πέθανε στις 9 Δεκεμβρίου 1641 στο Λονδίνο. In 1609 he began his apprenticeship with Hendrick van Balen in his native Antwerp and he was exceptionally precocious. Although he did not become a master in the painters' guild until 1618, there is evidence that he was working independently for some years before this, even though this was forbidden by guild regulations. Probably soon after graduating he entered Rubens's workshop. Strictly speaking he should not be called Rubens's pupil, as he was an accomplished painter when he went to work for him. Nevertheless the two years he spent with Rubens were decisive and Rubens's influence upon his painting is unmistakable, although ven Dyck's style was always less energetic.